Controlling Pests of Orchid Plant

Controlling Pests of Orchid Plant

Pests is a nuisance animal of plant. Which can lead to impaired growth, can even cause plant death. We must control orchid plant pests. However, orchid plants tend to be more resistant to pests. Especially orchids with good care. Plant hygiene and environmental conditions are well maintained. Plant growth and controlled properly maintained.

Orchid plant pests, suggesting that these plants received less attention from the owner. Eradication of pests do not wait until widespread. So that the ill effects from pests can be avoided. With the control and supervision each day, the early symptoms of pest attack can be quickly detected. So that control measures are quickly done. Prevention is better to make prior to pest attack occurs.

Some pests of orchid plant:


1. The ants

Ants like to come in droves, while the orchid plants are budding or begin removing flower buds. Ants will bite the young shoots and flower buds. So that the injured part. Cell fluid that comes out from the wound as ant food. Thus the orchid plant will dehydrate the cells. Also provide opportunities arising wound fungi and bacteria to enter. Which will cause bud rot. The ants also damage the root system, biting the ends of the roots. Habits of the white ant carrying ticks, also damage the plants. The best way to avoid ant attacks by hanging pot. Can also flush with methadex solution. If ants are clustered in the pot can be done by immersion in a water pot.

2. Lice shield


These mites attack the leaves and suck the fluid cell. Lice are highly resistant shields and the main enemy of orchid hobbyists. Usually attached to the edge of the upper and lower leaves. Affected leaves will turn yellow, over time will brown and dead leaves. Pest control is done by spraying insecticides.

 3. Aphids

These mites will damage the flower buds. Aphids are still bullies orchid plant. But not a lot of damage. Aphids leave dirt on the stems and leaves. In the dirt will be overgrown by the fungus. Pest control is done by spraying insecticides.

4. White Lice

Fleas of small and reddish gray. There is of growing point and of hanging roots. These ticks are usually protects himself with fine materials such as white cotton. Bersymbiosis his life with ants. Control by insecticide spraying can be done.

 5. Snails

The most frequent damage orchid plant is a snail. Damage caused by slug attack is quite large. Young roots, new shoots and flower buds are the most delicious food for this snail. orchid plant orchids month is the most frequently attacked by this snail. Usually launch their attacks at night. Control can be done by soaking the pot in a solution of 25 Diderin P. Or could the Methadex powder and sprinkled on pot

There are some information about controlling orchids pests. Pest will cause disruption of growth and flowering orchid plant. Even under severe conditions can cause death. Be aware of and control as early as possible. Taken of orchids grown for its beauty, both plant and flowers. So take care for orchid plant.

How To Cultivate Tomato Palnts

How To Cultivate Tomato Palnts

How to cultivate tomato plants ? Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) Is an important horticultural commodity either because the price is pretty good as well as users in a consumer society. Tomatoes can be eaten as a vegetable or fruit is consumed fresh or in processed form such as tomato sauce.

In general, the tomatoes can be planted in the lowlands to the highlands. Tomatoes require loose soil, porous, fertile soil acidity (pH) between 5-6, 750-1 rainfall. 250 mm / year and 25% relative humidity.

Technical tomato cultivation can vary from region to region and depending on soil conditions, altitude, agro-climate conditions, habits and skills of farmers concerned and available financing. Therefore essential before seeking an intensive tomatoes should consult with a technical officer or the local agricultural extension, but in general technical tomato cultivation can we say briefly as follows:

Preparation of Land

Choose a loose, fertile land with good irrigation. Select is also a land not previously planted with tomatoes or other plants that are still in the family Solanaceae such as peppers, eggplant, tobacco or potato to break the cycle of crop pests.

Perfectly cultivated land, where low soil pH by adding agricultural lime dose of 150 kg per 1. 000 square meters, and mix evenly distributed in conjunction with tillage. Then made beds with a width of 120-160 cm and 40-50 cm in double rows to single row. Among the beds are made ditch with a depth of 20-30 cm width 30 cm.

Basal fertilizer should be given, usually consisting of 4 kg Urea / ZA, 7.5 kg and 4 kg KCl TSP for each one. 000 square feet or if using Compound Fertilizer NPK (15-15-15) approximately 20 pounds per 1000 square meters. Basal fertilizer mixed with the soil evenly over the bed and leave for 5-7 days before planting. Planting hole made with a diameter of approximately 10 cm 15 cm deep planting holes spaced 60 x 80 cm or 60 x 50 cm above the bed.

Seedbed

Select from the tomato seed varieties that have been recommended. Prepare the planting medium is a mixture of soil and manure in the ratio 2: 1, then enter in polybags. Enter the seeds one by one in a polybag and cover lightly with fine soil.

After 8-10 days old seed, select seed of good, strong and healthy. 5-6 leaf seedling leaves (25-30 days after seedling) move into the field.

Planting

Planting the seeds was carried out during 3-4 weeks with 5-6 leaf blade. Planting should be done in the afternoon. Open polybags first, then the input seed to the planting hole to a limited base of the stem, filled with earth with a bit pressed and flush with water.

To seed the dead, damaged or abnormal growth of its stitching done up to a maximum 2-week-old plants after planting and do irrigation / watering setap day until the plants grow normally. Marker pairs immediately so as not to damage the roots of plants with a height marker 1 to 1.5 m.

Crop fertilization.

The first fertilization done at 1-week-old plants after planting with urea and KCl with a ratio of 1: 1 with a dose of 1-2 grams per plant. Fertilizers are given 3 cm around the plant, soil and water tutupkembali with water. A second fertilization age of 2-3 weeks after planting with the same fertilizer dose of 5 g, administered 5 cm around the plant stem. Fertilization is then performed at 4 weeks old plants after planting with the same fertilizer dose of 7 grams per plant, given 7 cm around the plant. Liquid organic fertilizer can be applied every 7 days by spraying with appropriate dosing recommendations.

Weeding

Weeding is done when the plants are 28 days after transplanting (DAT) in conjunction with the tilling and fertilizing the plants pengguludan aftershocks followed. Weeding is then performed on the old plants 40-45 DAT.

Fastening

To sustain the plants that are not easily collapsed, the crops had reached a height of 10-15 cm should be tied to the stake. Binding of each plant to grow again waged a height of less than 20 cm. Plant tied with a shape like a figure 8 with a plastic rope (raffia / Japanese grass), so plants are not damaged by abrasion stake.

Disposal of shoots

Disposal of unproductive shoots every week and only retain three main branches for each plant. Disposal shoots aims to stimulate flowering plants at the age of 32 days after planting. Disposal shoots should be done in the morning to make dries quickly so as not become place the entry of the disease.

Plant height can be limited by cutting off the tip of the plant when the fruit reach 5-7 fruits per stalk.

 Those are some ways to cultivate tomato plants, lots of things we need to learn about cultivate these plants very well, because of the many pests that are attacking this plant. See also articles about how to care tomato plants.

How to Harvest Bananas

How to Harvest Bananas


After we do a good banana tree care,  banana plant the age of 80-100 days is ready to harvest. Bananas are ready to harvest usually have a lot of dry leaves and the fruit began to pale.

  • Characteristic of the flag leaf crops are drying up. Fruit 80-100 days with a right-angled pieces that are still unclear to almost spherical.
  • Bananas are harvested together with the bunches. Bunch length is taken as 30 cm from the base of the comb at the top. Use a clean sharp knife and cut the bunches.
  • Banana bunches stored in the inverted position so that the sap from the cut trickle down without a polluting units.
  • After it is cut up banana stem tuber eliminated altogether.
  • In a fairly extensive banana plantations, harvesting can be done 3-10 days depending on the number of productive plants.
That's a little tips if you want to harvest the bananas, keep doing the best care for your cultivated bananas plants in order to produce fruit a lot of that have good qualities.

How To Care For Cactus Plants

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Care for cactus plants is easy but tricky. You may not often watered your cactus plants, because excess water can actually make it die. Often the owner of the cactus plants found the cactus dead rotting due to water-saturated stem from too frequent watering. Once a week is a sufficient amount in the dry season, and do not water the soil is too wet. Flush your cactus when the medium has dried completely, then let it be watered again until after the new dry watering again. If it is dry it means cactus for water again.

You do not need watering every day. Well, in the rainy season you can simply flush the cactus once a month, and remember: if the input cactus rain is too heavy! Do not ever let your cactus pot filled with water, because it can cause decay on the roots. Watering frequency also depends on the type and size of the pot. Cactus in ceramic pots need more frequent watering than cactus planted in a plastic or clay pots. Similarly, a small cactus in pots require more frequent watering than large pots.

If you want to enhance the color of your cactus, the key is the lighting. If you want to grow cactus thorns or cactus that stands out that looks like a furry, then your cactus frequently dried in the sun. If you would like cactus smooth, soft, and looks like a stiff leaves (eg Opuntia) then do not be too often left out in the sun.

Cactus does not require fertilizer is mixed. Just normal compost is sufficient to nourish your cactus plants. You can also spray a liquid fertilizer once a month. Always look at your cacti from worms and insects. You can use insecticides to repel insects. Then applied insecticide with a brush on your cactus body evenly. Consult in advance about what a good brand of insecticide for your cactus. If insects attack the roots of cactus, then discard all the media and washing the roots of cactus and spray insecticide. Then rinse the roots, dry, move into new media.

That's some tips about how to care for cactus plants, this plant is very attractive and can be decorated home. By caring for these plants well then this plant will thrive.

How To Cultivate Rose Plants

How To Cultivate Rose Plants


Do you looking for information about techniques of cultivation the rose. Rose seeds can be propagated by stem cuttings, grafts, and the most popular is the grafting. Cultivation by stem cuttings used for rootstock and hedge roses are commonly used as rootstock, because this kind of strong, fast growing, disease resistant and easily propagated by cuttings.

Most employers cut flowers rose in Indonesia is still importing seeds from Holland. Seedlings are shipped usually a result of grafting plants that have been aged three months and a half year-old seedlings. When using a three-month-old seedlings of new plants the results obtained after 6 months of planting. These seeds are imported form other than seeds scraped without media (stump), also can be a seed in artificial media, such as roockwool. Half-year-old seedlings usually a stump, the seedlings without roots and without leaves. These seeds are the result may be taken four months after planting by providing a new branch about two or three main branches.

Land preparation and planting.

Sand, manure and garden soil needed for growing media in the ratio 1:2:1. Manure is given at the beginning of planting. The basis of super phosphate fertilizer as much as 0:25 kg/m2 be 1-2 weeks before planting. If soil is too acidic agricultural lime can be added as much as 2.5 kg/10 m2 and when the soil is too alkaline can be added to the sulfur ¼ kg/10 m2. Manure is given as much as 75 tons / ha. Additional fertilizer NPK 50 kg / ha / bl. Provision of micro elements Fe, Mg and S can be supplied through spray once a month. Sterilization can be done using chemicals or vapam basamid with the recommended dosage.

Preparation begins with making planting holes about 15 cm in diameter with a depth of 30 cm. Spacing depends on variety. Spacing Hybrid tea and floribunda types of 100 cm x 60 cm, was kind Polyantha 40 cm x 60 cm. Several new varieties of cut roses grown at a distance 31 cm x 31 cm or 38 cm, or 20 cm x 40 cm depending on the type of roses are grown.

Installation of the protective net 50% of shading done to avoid the high transpiration of young shoots. This shield can be opened after a four-week-old plants. For the vines can be made pergola beams.

Before planting, seeds were sterilized before the fungicide solution, such as Benlate (0.5 g / l) for a minute or two. Planting is done by placing the seeds in the center of the hole and tried to be the roots spread in all directions and nothing is broken or bent. Once planting is completed in the form of sprinkler irrigation or drip can be retrofitted and newly planted seedlings are watered until moist enough.

Maintenance of Roses

Formation of the Young Plant. Formation of roses done by cutting / pinching. It is intended to maintain the plant in order to stay young, so it is always producing new shoots are prolific flowering. Of new shoots which emerged five weeks after planting flowers that will emerge will be small and should be cut . Soft pinch performed on young shoots, aiming to maximize vegetative growth. Will new stem with reddish color will grow out of seeds or branches of the branch shoots first. These shoots are allowed to grow to adulthood and long after the colorful flowers will then be immediately removed (pinching is done on old shoots is known as a hard pinch).

Bending plant performed when the seed is old branch. Place the bending buds / stem to the bending of about 5-10 cm from the base of the stem. To help back up the shoots did not shoot the parts can be attached with a piece of bamboo that is attached to the ground. That the bending of the shoots are sometimes small grow new shoots will come out the interest rate should be discarded and leaves cut as many as two true leaves (five leaves) so that plants have many leaves.

The new shoots that sprout production is going up after a few weeks to do the bending. At the time of harvest, shoots are cut, leaving 3-4t true leaves. Of shoots that had been harvested after about 10 days in general would appear two or three new buds and will bloom after about 6-7 weeks. Production of shoots was then harvested by leaving two true leaves.

Trimming. Purpose of trimming to maintain shape of the plant in order to obtain a solid rod, encourage flowering, plant regeneration, producing new shoots of high-productivity, and maintain the plant to stay healthy and live longer.

Pruning is done is trimming mild (30%) by cutting the tops of the little rose bush, so as to produce many flowers but small. Pruning is (50%) performed by pruning the branches or shoots, but not too long. Usually done on the types of Floribunda and Polyantha. While heavy pruning done on the old stems and plants that have been severely affected by diseases carried by pruning entire branches to a height of 60 cm or leave the two-three eyes of each rod.

Pruning for crop establishment can be done also with a set way of cutting the time of harvest. "Trimming the usual" is done by leaving one or two leaves of five (ie leaf that has five individual leaf blade) of branching, known as the normal cut. "Cutting in" is done by cutting the stem below the branch known as the under cut. The harvesting is done in the second year in order for low-branching plants grow back. "Trimming the joints" is done by cutting the flower stalks just above the branching to be harvested, known as knuckle cut. How this is done when the cultivation of roses is entering the third year that high-return crops.

The best pruning time is just after the rainy season ends, so when it is generally fertile plants in the state with the formation of irregular branches and twigs. Prune once a year.

Fertilization. Fertilizer for roses hanging from the analysis of soil to be planted, so that every garden / growers have rules different fertilization. According to the research needs to be cultivated roses as much as 5 grams per plant at the age of one-two weeks after planting. Fertilization can then be given once a month depending on plant growth.

That's a technique we can use to cultivate rose plant. There are so many techniques we can use, just select the way that you think most convenient and most suitable to your environment.

Amikom