Jasmine plants do not escape from pests and diseases, for that we must diligent to care our jasmine plant and give the best treatment. Thing we must remember the basic principles and technology priority pest control / disease.
a. Maximal biological control is done by utilizing the natural enemies of pests (parasitoids, predator, pathogens) by:
- To enter, maintain, reproduce, release of natural enemies
- Reduce pesticide use broad-spectrum synthetic organic / use of selective pesticides.
b. Agricultural ecosystems are managed by:
- The use of healthy seedlings
- Sanitary garden
- Balanced fertilization
- A good crop rotation
- The use of trap crops,
c. Pesticides used selectively based on the results of monitoring and analysis of ecosystems.
A. Jasmine pests
1) Caterpillars palpita (Palpita unionalis Hubn) Jasmine
These pests include the order Lepidoptera and family Pyralidae, a destructive pest Stadium jasmine plant are the larvae (caterpillars). Control: performed by cutting the plants are attacked by a heavy insecticide spraying and sangkil mangkus, eg Decis 2.5 EC, 500 EC Perfekthion 400E/Curacron.
2) Interest Borer (Hendecasis duplifascials) Jasmine
These pests include the order Lepidoptera and family Pyralidae. Symptoms: jasmine plants attacked by way of broaching / perforate flowers that failed to bloom. Flowers that develop into defective and sometimes secondary infection by the fungus to cause the rate of decay. Control: mangkus sprayed with insecticides, such as Decis 2.5 EC, Cascade 50EC/Lannate L.
3) Thips (Thrips sp) Jasmine
Including the order Thysanoptera Thrips and family Thripidae. These pests are predators of all types of plants (polifag). Symptoms: attacked by sucking the liquid surface of the leaves, especially young leaves (shoots). Control: performed by reducing the range of host plants around the garden of jasmine and spraying insecticides mangkus: Mesurol 50WP, Pegasus 500 SC / Dicarzol 25 SP.
4) Scales peudococcus (Psuedococcus longispinus) Jasmine
These pests include the order Homoptera Pseudococcidae and family that live in groups on the surface of the leaf and stalk shoots up to resemble the bottom of the gray scales or yellowish. Symptoms: attack plants by sucking plant cell fluids and leak honey. Control: performed by spraying insecticide mangkus, such as Bassa 500 EC / Nogos 50 EC.
5) Caterpillars nausinoe (Nausinoe geometralis) Jasmine
These pests include the order Lepidoptera and family Pyralidae. Characteristics: brown moth with an average body length of 12 mm and length of the wing span of approximately 24 mm brown and speckled transparent. Symptoms: attack the leaves of jasmine plants are identical (same) with caterpillar attack P. unionalis.
6) Other Pests Jasmine.
Another common pest is the white ticks (Dialeurodes citri) and tick shell (scale insects). Clusters attached to the branches, twigs and buds of jasmine plants, attacked by sucking the fluid cell, so that the process of photosynthesis (metabolic). Control is done by spraying insecticide Perfekthion 400 EC / Decis 2.5 EC.
2. Jasmine disease
1) Jasmine leaf
Cause: The fungus (mold) Rhizcotonia solani Kuhn. Symptoms: attack the leaves which were located near the soil surface.
2) Thread Blight Jasmine
Cause: The fungus Marasmiellus scandens (Mass). Symptoms: attacking the jasmine plant branches.
3) Flower Blight Jasmine
Cause: The fungus (mold) Curvularia sp. Fusarium sp and Phoma sp. Symptoms: rotten flowers, light brown and sometimes falling interest rates.
4) Mushrooms Jasmine upas
Cause: The fungus Capnodium salmonicolor. This disease attacks the stems and branches of woody plants jasmine. Symptoms: decomposition which is covered by a layer of pink fungus on infected plant parts apnodium sp. and Meliola jasmini Hansf. et Stev. Capnodium attack symptoms is the upper surface of leaves covered with black sooty mold evenly.
5) Jasmine leaf spots
Cause: The fungus Pestaloita sp. Symptoms: patches of brown to blackish on the leaves.
6) Leaf rust Jasmine
Cause: The parasites of green algae (Cephaleuros virescens Kunze). Symptom: on the surface of the infected leaf spots appear reddish and hairy. This disease usually attacks the older leaves.
7) Jasmine anthracnose
Cause: The fungus Colletotrichum gloesporoides. Symptoms: small spots formed blackish color. The spots are enlarged and elongated pink, especially on the leaves. Severe attacks can lead to dead ends (die back).
8) Other diseases Jasmine
Decay rates by the bacterium Erwinia tumafucuens. Root nodules by the nematode Meloidogyne incognito, abnormilitas cause plant roots. The virus causes stunted plant growth inhibition of jasmine, mottled leaves and sometimes twigs and shoots all become stiff.
That's some tips on how to care for jasmine, we hope this article will be useful for you to cultivate jasmine plant as one of the ornamental plants in your garden. See also articles about how to care for banana plants.